Group Project

Group Project - (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Issue and...

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(1) Issue and associated background material (2) Position and views of each assigned stakeholder group (3) Political and legal aspects of the issue (4) Proposed policies or actions to solve the issue (5) Ramifications of each policy or action to each stakeholder group (6) A statement by each student in regard to addressing issues as part of a group and the pros and cons to working within a group setting Wild In 1855, Natives Peoples of the Northwest signed a treaty with the United States government that ceded most of their lands - lands which currently make up much of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon - in return for the right to have and to fish for salmon and steelhead in their usual and accustomed places. The salmon were, and continue to be, so important to these peoples that their governments were willing to give up the rights they had to large tracks of land in order to ensure that salmon graced the waters of this region forever. The United States’ obligation was simply to ensure that it did not do anything to cause the decline of these fish or to stop the tribal nations from fishing. The United States has largely failed in its obligation. Thirteen species of salmon and steelhead are listed for protection under the federal Endangered Species Act and many more have already been lost from this planet, many of which were extremely important to tribal cultures. The federal dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers in the Pacific Northwest are a major factor in the decline of these fish and yet the federal government continues to minimize the harm caused by these dams. While Snake River dam removal would not completely solve the tribal treaty right issues to date, this action would go a long way in helping to restore Snake River salmon to levels necessary to meeting treaty right obligations. Without this action, it is difficult to fathom the suite of actions that would indeed meet these same obligations. The Snake River is a major river in the greater Pacific Northwest in the United States . It is the largest and longest tributary of the Columbia River , which is the largest North American river that empties into the Pacific Ocean As far back as 11,000 years, tribes of prehistoric Native Americans lived along the length of the Snake. Salmon from the Pacific Ocean traveled up the Columbia River and into the Snake River, often numbering in the millions. These fish were central to the lives of the people that lived along the Snake below Shoshone Falls . By the time the Lewis and Clark Expedition crested the Continental Divide and sighted the valley of the Snake's major tributary, the Salmon River , the Nez Perce and Shoshone were the most powerful tribes along the Snake River. At this time, contact with Europeans introduced horses to Snake River Plain tribes, reshaping their lifestyles for the next few hundred years before American settlement of the area. Later American explorers and British fur trappers from the Hudson's Bay Company
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course NRM 4320 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Group Project - (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Issue and...

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