Southern_Agriculture

Southern_Agriculture - Agriculture and the South Part One:...

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Agriculture and the South
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Part One: King Climate in Dixie Little Ice Age: Uncertain Climate Colonial Motivations: Mercantile Agriculture Tobacco: 1614 discovered to grow well Demanding of the soil Precipitation must be timed Labor intensive: the ‘terrible transformation’
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Tobacco Cultivation Land rotation Indentured servitude Patchwork cultivation Ecologically Sound
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Rationalization of Agriculture Population growth Agricultural reform: enlightened farming practice Intensive agricultural practice Increase from 2% (1720) to 40% (1800) Fertility declines
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Harnessing the Tides: Rice Imported West African Slaves Task system Re-engineering the landscape Problems: Hard life for slaves The bobolink Mosquitoes Soil depletion and floods
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The “Other” South Southern Yeoman Farmers vs. Coastal Planters Two goals: Yeoman=diversified crops Coastal=market agriculture
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Floods and Fish Floods float mineral-rich soil downstream Silty streams deplete fish Post-Revolutionary Market Revolution dams the rivers “Moral economy” of fish
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Cotton and Modern Slavery Short-Staple Cotton below the 77- degree Isotherm
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Technology: Cotton Gin and the Lever Press
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Southern_Agriculture - Agriculture and the South Part One:...

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