Ch. 21 Study Guide

Ch. 21 Study Guide - Ch. 21 Study Guide Conservation...

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Conservation Biology and Wildlife Management The term Conservation has been associated with managing a rather limited range of natural resources; those materials regarded as either useful or of necessity to humans. In the 1970s, an increasing number of conservationists expressed interest in the welfare of other species-organisms that have no obvious impact on human welfare and therefore not ordinarily regarded as "resources". In addition, attention was directed toward the conservation biotic communities and ecosystems. Wildlife management expanded and as time passed more game species gained protection. Aldo Leopold championed the application of the sciences of biology and ecology to management in his seminal work Game Management. The Wildlife Society formed and devoted itself to the development of management practices based on sound biological principles and high professional standards. The focus of wildlife management spreads from game animals to the more inclusive categories of birds and mammals with emphasis on the management of populations and their habitats. 1. The broadening scope of managing wildlife and their habitats encompasses the subject of biodiversity. 2. To include the management of endangered species and maintenance of ecosystems 1. Biologists felt that the distinction between these broader approaches and the traditional focus of wildlife management warranted a new discipline known as Conservation Biology. 3. The Society for Conservation Biology was organized in 1986 a year later the publication of the society's journal Conservation Biology was released. 1. The new society was described as crisis oriented, more theoretical, and more global than The Wildlife Society. 1. The central goal of wildlife management was identified as the manipulation of animal populations-primarily vertebrates. wildlife management leans toward selected species of birds and mammals 2. whereas conservation biology stresses the maintenance of biological diversity. Conservation Biology addresses the full range of plant and animal taxa. 2. Differences in background in training represented another area where wildlife biologists may be distinguished from conservation biologists. 1. Wildlife biologists graduate from colleges and universities where applied sciences such forestry and agriculture are curriculum standards. 2. Conservation Biology is a synthetic discipline with highly diversified memberships including genetics, physiology, geography, and oceanography. Etc. 3. Regardless, wildlife management and conservation biology are viewed as complementary disciplines whose existence broadens understanding of environment. To be sure, there is no shortage of concern whether for deer or ducks, butterflies or orchids, prairie or rain forest. 4.
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Ch. 21 Study Guide - Ch. 21 Study Guide Conservation...

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