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Role of Zoos in Wildlife Conservation Research

Role of Zoos in Wildlife Conservation Research - Role of...

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Role of Zoos in Wildlife Conservation Research http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menagerie http://books.google.com/books? hl=en&lr=&id=V0JSVvpZvYYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA9&dq=history+of+zoos&ots=ZbCoGVfX0G&sig=GL -OlSwTIn02ImZVT6eBukAqrIg#v=onepage&q=history%20of%20zoos&f=false http://www.paigntonzoo.org.uk/UserFiles/File/the_role_of_conservation_in_zoos.pdf The need to protect and conserve global biodiversity and wildlife is now at the forefront of the aims of modern zoos. Zoos have evolved from basic menageries in the 19th Century towards being environmental resource centres in the 21st Century. The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN) work together to promote conservation; in 1993 WAZA published its first conservation strategy. This document was groundbreaking at the time as it articulated a vision of the role of zoos and aquariums in conservation for the next 10 years. In 2005, a new document was published, entitled "Building a Future for Wildlife: The World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategy". This emphasises the need for integrated conservation, including zoos working together and with other conservation organisations, supporting projects in the wild. http://www.ibiologia.unam.mx/pdf/directorio/c/cervantes/clases/masto/2006_2/zoos.pdf The role of zoos has evolved from being centers dedicated exclusively to the collection and exhibition of animals and the recreation of the public or a privileged minority, to becoming multifaceted, progressive institutions. The main mission of modern zoos should be to promote the conservation of species and ecosystems, as well as the ecological interactions and evolutionary processes in which they participate and the environmental services they provide to society [Cuaro´ n, 2004]. The means to accomplish this is through scientific research, captive breeding programs, and especially public education at all levels, and the support (financial and otherwise) of in situ conservation activities. Aspects of the wild animal trade and other environmental issues in a given region will be reflected in the animals taken to zoos by the public and confiscated by 122 Cuaro´n authorities. Zoos can assist in situ conservation by monitoring the live animal trade. This situation is general, but it is particularly important in countries and regions with limited capabilities for wildlife law enforcement and wildlife monitoring. http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a748969557 Assessing the role of zoos in wildlife conservation - Andrew Tribe Senior Lecturer a;Rosemary Booth Abstract Despite their popularity and place in our recreational history, in recent years zoos have undergone considerable change in both their structure and function. While remaining attractive places of entertainment, zoos today also emphasize their contribution to wildlife conservation. This article reviews the role of zoos in wildlife conservation and discusses the effectiveness of their present policies and actions.
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