有機化學第10ç« ï&f

有機化學第10ç« ï&f

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2008/12/18 1 10. Organohalides 10. Organohalides 有機鹵化物 Based on McMurry’s Organic Chemistry , 7 th edition What Is an Alkyl Halide 鹵化烷 ¡ An organic compound containing at least one carbon halogen bond (C X at least one carbon-halogen bond (C-X) ¡ X (F, Cl, Br, I) replaces H ¡ Can contain many C-X bonds ¡ Properties and some uses ¡ Fire-resistant solvents 2 ¡ Refrigerants ¡ Pharmaceuticals and precursors 2008/12/18 2 麻醉劑 Clean semiconductor chips and other components 3 殺蟲劑 冷媒 4 p. 332 2008/12/18 3 Why this Chapter? Reactions involving organohalides are less frequently encountered than other organic frequently encountered than other organic compounds, but reactions such as nucleophilic substitutions/eliminations that they undergo will be encountered Alkyl halide chemistry is model for mechanistically similar but more complex 5 OUTLINE ¡ Naming Alkyl Halides 命名 ¡ Structure of Alkyl Halides 結構 ¡ Preparing Alkyl Halides 合成 ¡ Radical Halogenation of Alkanes 自由基鹵化反應 6 2008/12/18 4 OUTLINE ¡ Allylic Bromination of Alkenes 烯丙基 ¡ Stability of the Allyl Radical: Resonance Revisited 烯丙基自由基安定性 ¡ Preparing Alkyl Halides from Alcohols 從醇合成鹵烷 7 OUTLINE ¡ Reactions of Alkyl Halides: Grignard Reagents ¡ Organometallic Coupling Reactions 有機金屬偶合反應 ¡ Oxidation and Reduction 氧化與還原 in Organic Chemistry 8 in Organic Chemistry 2008/12/18 5 10.1 Naming Alkyl Halides Name is based on longest carbon chain (Contains double or triple bond if present) Number from end nearest any substituent (alkyl or halogen) 9 Naming with Multiple Halides If more than one of the same kind of halogen is present,...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course CHE CH2005 taught by Professor 曹恒光 during the Spring '10 term at National Central University.

Page1 / 38

有機化學第10ç« ï&f

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online