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Phil 100a hndt 5 f 10

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Unformatted text preview: Phil 100A: Ethics F 10 Professor Aaron Zimmerman 1. Modeling Copperfield’s Inference The boy reasons as follows: (1) Creakle enjoyed causing the boys to suffer, singling out the chubby boys for special attention. Therefore, (2) Creakle acted in a mean and unfair way. Therefore, (3) Creakle acted immorally. Semantic Questions: Does (1) entail (2)? Does (2) entail (3)? (Mightn’t the inference be valid if not “formally” valid? What distinguishes “formally” valid inferences from informally valid ones?) Epistemic Questions: If (a) S knows (1); and (b) S directly infers (2) from (1); and (c) (2) is true; does S know (2)? Similarly, if S knows (2); and directly infers (3) from (2); and (3) is true, does S know (3)? (A further question: Are formally valid inferences any better than informally valid inferences for extending our...
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