Maslow and Freud[1] - Maslow and Freud: Humanistic and...

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Maslow and Freud: Humanistic and Psychodynamic Abraham Maslow was one of the important people to deal with the humanistic theory. Sigmund Freud has always been associated with the psychodynamic theory. Both theories have been studied and applied. What does each theory say? How are they similar and how are they different? The focus of the humanistic perspective is on the self, which translates into "You", and "your" perception of "your" experiences. This view argues that you are free to choose your own behavior, rather than reacting to environmental stimuli and reinforcers. Issues dealing with self-esteem, self-fulfillment, and needs are paramount. Maslow feels that individuals have certain needs that must be met in a hierarchical fashion, from the lowest to highest. These include basic needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, achievement needs, and ultimately, self-actualization. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, the needs must be achieved in order. For instance, one would be unable to fulfill their safety needs if their physiological needs have not been met (Humanistic Perspective, 1997). Freud was attempting to make psychology into a believable science, so he tried to merge the 1
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course PSY210 PSY210 taught by Professor Pizza during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Maslow and Freud[1] - Maslow and Freud: Humanistic and...

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