Chapter 18

Chapter 18 - 1/21 French Revolution, Origins % Constant...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/21 French Revolution, Origins % Constant wars %-Louis 14 th and 15 th-middle of 17 th cent into the 18 th %-War of austrian assesion 7 years 1756-1763 for domination in europe % Treasury drained %-By the end of the 18 th century made economics difficult % % Wealthy nation %-Sailing vessles largest in the world, trade with Africa east India and east atlantic (trade was very robust) % Wealthy, exempt-wealthiest were exempt from taxes-aristocracy not obligated to pay taxes % % Tax reform %-otherwise france was brok due to wars bankrupting the country Nobility and Taxes % Number %-400,000 high nobles or aristocrats 1. *owened 25% of the country 1. *saw taxes as a poor peoples duty and thought it was 2. degrading socially and culturally % Manorial rights %-Ability to tax peasants, pay nobles to fish on land, dues payed for presses % % Cost to the state-50% of the budget was devoted to keeping up on the debt worth, Just paying interest not the actual debt-money was based on gold %-Judges, Police (country running out of money) % % % % No central bank-France needed loans and no one wanted to loan. % % Church % Number %-100,000 clergy churches (tax exempt instution) %-Give state a gift a year %-not interested in louis general tax 1. Estates: 2.-6% of budget to keeping up estates(Land) (Versai) 3. Expensive! The Three Estates and Taxes % First Estate- Church % High and Low %-clergy members ,High;(cardinals, abbots, bishops) % Low(Detested wealth and arrogance of the high clergy) % Responsibilities % Land % What did they do? % Second Estate- The nobility % Nobility %-Tax is abusive power to be resisted by all people. % Universalist themes % Taxes? % Rent % Land- owed lord work for using land and stuff- 30% owned % Corvee % % Sword v. Robe % *2 levels of nobility Hated each other % Sword- prestigious, lineage, % Robe- Suck ups % Third Estate- Everyone els (roughly 25million people) % Bourgeoisie Middle class (physican) % Meritocratic? % Cant serve in parliament The Peasantry % Abject poverty % Semi-feudal- surfdom % Land % Increasing subdivision % Taxation The Feudal Reaction % Last gasp of fuedalism % Aristocracy increasingly disenchanted with monarch, and societies direction % % Social customs- aristocracy was getting poorer but bourgeoisie class getting richer % % Sale of land %...
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Chapter 18 - 1/21 French Revolution, Origins % Constant...

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