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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 19: The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism In 1799, as a prominent army general, Napoleon Bonaparte led a military coup and established himself as the leader of France; five years later he crowned himself Emperor Napoleon I. Between his coronation as emperor and his last military defeat in 1815, Napoleon conquered most of Europe. The repercussions of his actions are still felt today. Ironically, one of the most important effects of Napoleon's stunning success in conquering vast parts of Europe -- the rise of the modern form of nationalism -- led to his downfall, as citizens united to protect their land from the French invader. As his army spread the liberalism and nationalism of the French Revolution across Europe, people in the areas ruled by Napoleon began to resent French rule. This resentment eventually turned to opposition and revolt, and led to the emperor's ultimate defeat. Romanticism, too, emerged in this period. The movement, a reaction against and rejection of the rationalism of Enlightenment thought, emphasized nature, individualism, the arts and religion, and it flourished in the turbulent period between the French Revolution and the end of the Napoleonic Wars. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss Napoleon 's rise to power and explain how he was able to become Emperor. Identify Napoleon's administrative reforms and understand how they differed from Old Regime policies. Trace France's military conquests, the establishment of the French Empire, and European resistance to France. Explain Napoleon's reasons for invading Russia and understand how the failed invasion marked the beginning of his downfall. Discuss the Congress of Vienna and its significance. Differentiate between Romanticism and the Enlightenment and explain why Romanticism thrived during the Napoleonic Age. Chapter IDs You should be able to describe the following concepts, people, places or events associated with this week's material. Napoleon Bonaparte Battle of Jena Battle of Waterloo Lord Nelson Napoleonic Code Ch. Maurice de Talleyrand Battle of Austerlitz Robert Castlereagh Georg Hegel Continental System Methodism Treaty of Tilsit The Hundred Days Francisco Goya Romanticism Bread Riots % Bread riots, October 5, 1789 % Women % 7,000 to Versailles Return to Paris % Louis XVI escorted back to Paris % Off with their heads % Back to the Tuileries % Radicalization Constitution % July 14, 1790 % Hereditary titles outlawed % Trial by jury % Franchise % Indirect elections % Checks and balances Church and Constitution % Civil Constitution of the Clergy (pic)- demanded oath of loyalty to the kingdom, every priest had to sign the constitution, pope was not happy about it....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course PHI PHI 101 taught by Professor Delvin during the Fall '10 term at ASU.
- Fall '10