11 - 02:33 Industrialrevolution (17501900) o...

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02:33 Industrial revolution (1750-1900) o England birthplace Inventions- Steam engine o New mode of production o Provides for factory system Less need for people, nature, animals Substitution for machines o Inanimate for animate sources of power o Use of raw materials for power of the steam engine Coal Increased out-put o Gains in the production of textiles Cotton Output increased 800%, 1700-1800 Britain 20% of domestic exports in 1815 “” over 50% in 1830 underpants for everyone! Fewer workers needed People out of work
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Women working out of there home. 2/16 Proletarianization o Cottage labor declining o Who owns what? o Control over work process? o Alienation from work? o Specified tasks and obligations o Rigorous schedule Minut regulations No talking, singing, eating Fines and physical punishment Working conditions o Temperature o Air quality o Hours o Wages low o As compared to rural labor? Urbanization
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o Manchester 1800-77000 1820-126000 1840-235000 1850-351000 Living conditions o Sewage- out the window Cholera, typhus, dysentery  o Poor hygiene Open drains Privies- hole in ground toilet Raw sewage By 1907, only 1/3 of Manchester had wc’s Housing Pollution o Air pollution Coal burning Acid rain Child labor o Extensive employment in industry
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Lancashire 35000 children out of 110000 workers 1834-47 only ¼ workers in English cotton mills adult males Long hours Terrible pay Horrific tasks o Francis trollopes life and adventures of Michael Armstrong (1840) Generated public outrage on the conditions of children Scandal Popular support for reform (government intervene) o Sadler report (Michael sadler) Working by the clock Parlimentry investigation  Outlawed employment under 9 yrs  Limited hours 8/day under 13 12/day 16-18 inspectors  education Ten hours act of 1847 All industries, women, and children Manchester men Despised aristochracy New entrepreneurial class Self made men Self righteous Rational and profit driven o Adam Smith Wealth of nations 1776 Laissez-faire Government hands off  o Malthus o David Ricardo Economy Iron law of wages
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02:33 Revolution of 1830
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02:33 Causes reactions to policies of charles X o Censorship, Taking away votes (Now 15000 of 26m could vote),  o Downsized franchise, chambers of deputies disbanded (charles only  wanted royalists), Indemnity bill (payback to aristacrats by middleclass) fir  kead guveb tit gen ; started by journalists due to rights being taken away Achieved? o
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11 - 02:33 Industrialrevolution (17501900) o...

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