PHI101_71013_Lecture19_Nov12

PHI101_71013_Lecture19_Nov12 - PHI 101 (71013) Dr. Tuomas...

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Unformatted text preview: PHI 101 (71013) Dr. Tuomas Manninen ASU-West David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument November 12, 2009 Humes dialogue whos who?  Cleanthes a natural theologian  Demea an orthodox believer  Philo the skeptic  Which character represents Humes view?  This is not entirely clear, but it is likely that Philo is the voice of Hume The analogical form of the teleological argument (1) Entity e within nature is like specified human artifact a (e.g., a machine) in relevant respects R . (2) Artifact a has R precisely because it is a product of deliberate design by intelligent human agency. (3) Like effects typically have like causes (or like explanations, like existence requirements, etc.) Therefore (4) It is (highly) probable that e has R precisely because it too is a product of deliberate design by intelligent, relevantly human- like agency. Source: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/teleological-arguments/ Humes critique  In these dialogues, Philo presents various reasons against the character Cleanthes version of the teleological argument.  First, Philo will argue that the Universe and man-made artifacts are dissimilar enough to render the analogy between the two a rather weak one.  Second, even if we grant the analogy, we still cannot infer the existence of the personal, perfect, omnipotent monotheistic God that the argument purports to give evidence for. Cleanthess argument from analogy  Look round the world You will find it to be nothing but one great machine.  All these various machines, and even their most minute parts, are adjusted to each other with an accuracy that ravishes into admiration all men who have contemplated them.  Since therefore the effects resemble each other, we are led to infer, by all the rules of analogy, that the causes also resemble, and that the Author of Nature is somewhat similar to the mind of man, thought possessed of much larged faculties, proportioned to the grandeur of the work (p.199). Philos response: the analogy is just weak  After having experienced the circulation of the blood in human creatures, we make no doubt that it takes place in Titus and Maevius ; but from its circulation in frogs and fishes, it is only a presumption (200)....
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PHI101_71013_Lecture19_Nov12 - PHI 101 (71013) Dr. Tuomas...

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