SBS Notes Exam 3

SBS Notes Exam 3 - 23:42 Historicalroots...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Political Science Approaches 23:42 Political Science Approaches Overview of political science Historical roots Power, ideologies, and government American government Comparative politics International relations Political Science Approaches Overview of political science o Concerned with the study of power and government o Assumes competition and conflict over scarce resources o “Who gets what, when, and how?” o Theoretically, involves consideration of social, cultural, and  economic factors in power relations o Relies on methods most similar to sociology – survey research,  polling, statistical information Historical roots Study of politics goes back in many cultural traditions – Western (Greek),  Chinese, Indian Many early thinkers had a practical interest in political theory Most historians trace roots of modern political science to the work of  Renaissance Italian thinker Niccolo Machiavelli
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Machiavelli – wrote The Prince  in early 16 th  century – Manual for how a  ruler could gain and keep power During the 17 th  and 18 th  centuries, many political philosophers confronted  transformations in systems of government E.g. Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau From monarchy (ruled by a king/queen) to more republican and democratic  forms Enlightenment idea of the ’social contract’ between ruler and ruled –  written down in a charter or constitution American and French Revolutions established new republican  (democratic) governments in 18 th  century Follower by many newly independent countries in Latin America in early  19 th  century Other European nations evolved more slowly (or not at all) toward  republican forms in late 19 th  century o Only became dominant form in Europe in early 20 th  century,  following WWI – rise of ‘nation-states’ By late 20 th  century, global politics dominated by two trends o “Cold War” between capitalist United States/Western Europe and  communist U.S.S.R./China o Decolonization and proliferation of new nation-states in Asia and Africa o Most military conflicts occurred in former colonies and involved  indirect “ideological” struggles between Cold War powers – E.g. Korea,  Vietnam Wars Power, ideologies, and government -Key concepts of political science Parties and interest groups o Ideologies Conservatism, Liberalism Moderates and radicals Government
Background image of page 2
o States, nations, dictatorships, democracies, non-state actors Power and politics (Political) Power – the ability of one actor (A) to get another (B) to behave  in a manner in which the latter would not otherwise behave (Max  Weber’s  Definition)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 15

SBS Notes Exam 3 - 23:42 Historicalroots...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online