Midterm - Wayne Kocher MHL 145 Durant MHL 145 Midterm Jazz...

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Wayne Kocher MHL 145 – Durant 10-20-10 MHL 145 Midterm Jazz, like most forms of music, has a unique and interesting history. In some ways, the evolution of jazz was almost inevitable due to the mindset and laws of the 19 th and early 20 th century America. From Africa to slavery to reconstruction, the idea of independence and social acceptance for the common African-American was starting to become a reality; music, from field hollers to blues to jazz, helped facilitate this segue, with technology and era’s such as Prohibition and The Great Depression lending a hand. Although its inception is uncertain, what would eventually be known as jazz clearly began to take root during the 1910’s in New Orleans when various musical groups would begin to form and play at different locations throughout the city. The instruments and styles used by early jazz musicians would see numerous definitive changes over the next twenty or so years. From The Original Dixieland Jass Band to Count Basie Orchestra, these changes would become key influences in the evolution of modern day jazz. The Original Dixieland Jass Band holds the dubious honor of having the first recorded jazz single. The band, led by Nick LaRocca, played using the cornet, clarinet, piano, trombone, and drums. Their single “Livery Stable Blues” took New York and the nation by storm. The cornet, clarinet, and trombone are quite apparent in the song, and are subsequently quite predominate throughout. They sort of have a collective improvisational style to them, which is a distinct characteristic of the New Orleans Style;
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since this style is essentially repeated, though, it is thought of to be rehearsed previous to this recording. Despite the controversy surrounding the origins of their style, the Original Dixieland Jass Band undoubtedly set the stage for the direction that jazz would eventually be heading. Technological innovations and the recording industry helped the Red Hot Peppers break out on the jazz scene. The band was led by Jelly Roll Morton, a Creole, and his influence was quite evident. Considered to be the first jazz composer and arranger, along with being one of the first jazz pianists, Jelly Roll Morton formed the Red Hot Peppers in 1926, which used the following instruments: piano, trombone, banjo, clarinet, bass, trumpet, and drums. The only similarities between this band and the Original Dixieland Jass Band that I can tell are some of the instruments. Their song “Black Bottom Stomp” seems meticulously rehearsed, which would accurately reflect the mission of Jelly Roll Morton. The song did help set up the role of the arranger, which was something Morton was considered a master at doing. The song features several solos, each short and unique, which adds just enough flavor for the listener to appreciate the groups style. All in all, the Red Hot Peppers music would eventually set
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Midterm - Wayne Kocher MHL 145 Durant MHL 145 Midterm Jazz...

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