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Week 2 Mesopotamia - Mesopotamia(week2 17:10...

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Mesopotamia (week 2) 17:10 10/07/09 Nature of polytheism: many gods, many powers, many rules, many ways. Offering to gods: human value (food, part of intimate structure of their society   agriculture) (religious tithes/taxes) Temple services and priesthoods KINGSHIP, political authority. Kings =  humans o Gilgamesh = 2/3 god, 1/3 human. But 2/3 not good enough. Servants of the gods, have a divine responsibility within city. PUBLIC WORKS (and control of… which add to prosperity of city, then the  happiness of the gods) o Irrigation, requires complex system Wrong irrigation, kill land Control of land division, repairing levies and dams etc Trade = economic activity (acquisition of metal/wood/precious materials  [lapis, ivory, etc]) o JUSTICE To protect good/evil, weak/strong Within a society with layers, different rights for different layers. Warfare: HIGH PLACE Constant desire to expand = constant warfare  (southern  Mesopotamia) Each city in the name of its god, sees the other cities as  enemies, objects of conquest. Appeal to gods of other cities, 
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