DISC week 7 - Spartavs.Rome SPARTA

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Sparta vs. Rome 00:16 SPARTA Multiple systems of government that checked each other - 2 kings   hereditary - Gerousia (Council of Elders + 2 kings)  - Ephorate   checks the kings -Assembly (Apella)   all Spartan soldiers over 30 (not that big)  Massive slave population Egalitarian and totalitarian of Spartan state head of council, military, hoplites, slaves nationalism (eunomia) checks and balances women’s rights   trained in athletics, roles in public life liberal community … nothing shameful in nakedness   simplicity, importance of  good health agoge economic equality iron coinage (with currency, couldn’t accrue true wealth) more responsible, everything’s equal—staying on budget all free men could become equals with enough ROME The Consuls (monarchy)   elected annually (by Senate… aristocracy), masters  of all public affairs, control military Tribunes, praetors, quaestors, etc… (all in aristocracy) The Senate (aristocracy)   sovereign power, foreign affairs, treasury,  annul/ratify, approved treaties/crime and punishment
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A lot of it hereditary, some Plebeans get into this Senate Manage money, elect Consuls, ratify/elect other public administration, hear  major crimes,  Assembly (democracy)   male Roman citizenship… gets bigger and bigger over  time Roman citizenship extended to conquered lands Lower end people want access to Senate and Consuls (Struggle of Orders…  eventually get access to Senate and Consulship) People (democracy)   wealthier aristocracy, tribunes, extremely structured and  disciplined - Egyptian, Akaadian…. If one king dies, leaves a high degree of chaos in  system. People having to reassemble the system
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course HIST1A 221-004-20 taught by Professor Geary during the Fall '10 term at UCLA.

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DISC week 7 - Spartavs.Rome SPARTA

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