Rise of Christianity

Rise of Christianity - week8:RomanEmpire/RiseofChristianity...

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week 8: Roman Empire/Rise of Christianity 21:15 11/16/09 Biggest losers of Punic Wars: SLAVES burning, raping, looting (capturing people and selling to trade of slave merchants,  some household slaves, some teachers, most field hands, some gladiators) 1/3 of population: slaves. Poorest romans: 1-2 slaves. Slaves = really cheap educated slaves = have a peculiar relationship slaves can also be allowed by their masters to have a business on the side o manufacturers, worker rented/loaned out, slaves may be able to purchase  their freedom o wealthy romans free slaves on deathbeds. o extended family of their former masters… still dependent. But they’re free men  and grandchildren/children = free slaves won in conquest, however, will be worked to death. Governors/tax collectors arrive, not subject to Roman law protection o Extreme discontent with people Rome’s enormous wealth not helping those “allies” of Rome, those that are not  full citizens Masses of Roman citizens who are falling to the sub-classes 135 BCE Slave Revolt 104 BCE Sicily revolt 74 BCE Gladiators under lead of Sparticus of Southern Italy, draw other  Gladiators (professional gladiators and many of them former soldiers captured by  Romans) and Slaves (majority of population are slaves/free men) o more military involved in putting down Sparticus than in the 3 rd  Punic War…  this is how serious this was. A. Marius vs. Sulla - 112 BCE North African client king, a figure from the popularis is elected consul:  Marius
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o raises army of landless people who legally have no right to fight in the army. o Is successful, is reelected, defeats gaals in the north, is reelected 5 times! o Wants to reward army, wants to give them land o Organize a settlement for these landless soldiers, for his army… which he has  to pay for Senate refuses to give them land. o Social War (War with Allies) – organizes a private army that he’s paying for  himself. Two armies: Sulla (Marius’s rival) both promise   Turns into a civil war between Sulla and Marius Confiscation of land to pay the soldiers Total bloodbath Sulla is victorious, acts as dictator, purges Senate of enemies, confiscates land  and gives land to supporters, steps down. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course HIST1A 221-004-20 taught by Professor Geary during the Fall '10 term at UCLA.

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Rise of Christianity - week8:RomanEmpire/RiseofChristianity...

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