Rise of Rome -...

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21:14 WEEK 6: 11/04/09 - defensive organization developed into an empire! - chaos within Greek wars without winners, lots of losers… BUT during great time  of philosophy, theatre, art, etc - HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN? b/c of extreme democratization (elected not for qualifications, real leadership  develops outside of systems). Demagogues   not elected, exercised power in city w/informal power voluntary cities, ability to put together coalition, go to guys, know  everybody/how things are done/get programs to do what they want done powerful, unofficial people pulling the strings sway people through rhetoric HERACLES: extends democracy to more people w/property restrictions  (restricts people who can be citizens) Athens : center of arts & culture b/c THEY’RE RICH! - treasury of Delian League   spends on public works investment of culture, civic undertakings rebuilds acropolis (destroyed by Persians) o temples – glorify gods to glorify Greece. labor putting $$ into community, raising Athens’s name increasing antagonism for Sparta
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under Heracles, CRAZY WARS! Peloponnesian Wars o initially favor Athens, then Sparta (plague in Athens) read textbook   government by tyrants by Sparta  greatest development of inquiry, of intellectual creativity! HISTORY HERODOTUS (town of Asia Minor, ca. 484 – 425 BCE) Living in Athens                 historia   inquiry   RECORD: HOW/WHY? Understand Persian Wars o what went on (record what happened) understand causes: What brought them to war? Search for causal Analysis of Persian Empire   have to understand complexities EXPLAIN PAST o Religious, social, political events - Not totally captivated by Greece - Admires Darius   cultural difference are relative
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- Ethnographer   collects stories however absurd THUCYDIDES (ca. 460-395 BCE)   1 st  political scientist or historian? - Athenian general
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Rise of Rome -...

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