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Week 6 CheckPoint - Legislation Legacy ETH125

Week 6 CheckPoint - Legislation Legacy ETH125 -...

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Post a 200- to 300-word summary of a current issue between Native Americans and the federal government. Identify the legislation that you think is linked to the issue, and explain why you think there is a connection. Consult the National Congress of American Indians Web site, the Indian Country Today newspaper, or another online source for examples of pertinent issues. For the last few years, the federal government has been debating the issue of using Native American land on the Northern Slope of Alaska for oil drilling and exploration. The largest advantage of drilling for oil on the Northern Slope would be the significant increase in the volume of oil being mined by the United States. This would allow for a decrease in dependency of foreign countries importing oil. The only other advantage to mining oil in Alaska would be a slight increase in the employment rate. The issue being dealt with is how this mining would negatively affect the culture of the Gwich'in Indians who live in this region. The Gwich'in Indians believe that by allowing this drilling to occur, it would
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Unformatted text preview: dramatically decrease the population of the Porcupine caribou. This animal is a major piece of the Gwich'in's culture and important to their way of life. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971, which was signed by President Nixon, gave control and governing capabilities to the native Indians who resided on this land for generations. In addition to giving the natives control over the land, it banned oil exploration in these areas. In today's economy, oil prices are exceedingly high and the government (because of employment issue's among the U.S. population) is forced to find a way to keep the costs affordable for the American public. These issues are causing the government (e.g. George W. Bush in 2008) to push for a way to gain access to the Arctic Wildlife Refuge in Alaska for oil exploration. In order to gain this access they would have to lift the ban and go against law that was put into affect to protect the natives. Will the American public support this movement?...
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