Chapter 10 Outline

Chapter 10 Outline - Chapter 10: Substance-Related...

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Chapter 10: Substance-Related Disorders While ingestion of some drugs/medications is considered socially acceptable and normative in society, regular use of drugs that cause temporary changes in behavior, emotion, or thought and cause disruptions in a person’s overall functioning can lead to long-term problems. The substances most associated with abuse and dependence include stimulants (cocaine, nicotine, and amphetamines), depressants (alcohol and opioids), hallucinogens (LSD), and cannabis substances (marijuana). Many people misuse more than one substance at a time, a practice known as polysubstance use. One form of substance-related problem, substance abuse, is considered less severe and is marked by continued reliance on the drug despite interruption of family, social, and occupational functioning. The more serious problem, substance dependence, includes physical dependence demonstrated by tolerance and/or withdrawal, as well as a central focus on the substance that may lead to the abandonment of other responsibilities. Drug abuse and dependence stem from a variety of causes, including biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors. Treatment for substance-related problems varies widely, depending in large part on the substance. Often several approaches are used, employing both inpatient and outpatient treatment, to assist in recovery from drug abuse or dependence. Biological treatments,
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Chapter 10 Outline - Chapter 10: Substance-Related...

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