Chapter 13 Outline

Chapter 13 Outline - Chapter 13: Personality Disorders A...

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Chapter 13: Personality Disorders A personality disorder is an inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward behavior that differs markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture. The rigid traits of people with personality disorders often lead to psychological pain and social or occupational difficulties, and may frequently cause pain to others. DSM-IV-TR identifies ten personality disorders and separates them into three clusters, charted on Axis II: odd/eccentric (paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders), dramatic (antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders), and anxious (avoidant, dependant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders). The current diagnostic categories have been called into question due to questionable validity and reliability as well as the overlap of symptoms from one personality disorder to the next. Some have proposed the elimination of the current classification system for personality disorders. This issue is further complicated by the increased likelihood that a person suffering from an Axis II disorder will experience a “comorbid” Axis I diagnosis, casting further doubt on the validity of the personality disorder diagnoses. A variety of treatment strategies are attempted with all of these personality disorders, and
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2010 for the course PSY PSY M08 taught by Professor Tennant during the Summer '08 term at Moorpark College.

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Chapter 13 Outline - Chapter 13: Personality Disorders A...

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