FAP5_Lecture_Ch04

FAP5_Lecture_Ch04 - Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders Comer,...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Anxiety s What distinguishes fear from anxiety? b Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a serious, known threat to one’s well-being b Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of threat or danger b Both have the same physiological features: increase in respiration, perspiration, muscle tension, etc.
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Anxiety s Is the fear/anxiety response useful/adaptive? b Yes, when the “fight or flight” response is protective b However, when it is triggered by “inappropriate” situations, or when it is too severe or long-lasting, this response can be disabling s Can lead to the development of anxiety disorders
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Anxiety Disorders s Most common mental disorders in the U.S. b In any given year, 18% of the adult population in the U.S. experiences one of the six DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders s Only ~20% of these individuals seek treatment s Most individuals with one anxiety disorder suffer from a second disorder, as well s Anxiety disorders cost $42 billion each year in health care, lost wages, and lost productivity
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Anxiety Disorders s Six disorders: b Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) b Phobias b Panic disorder b Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) b Acute stress disorder b Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) s Characterized by excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worry about practically anything b Vague, intense concerns and fearfulness s Often called “free-floating” anxiety s “Danger” not a factor s Symptoms include restlessness, easy fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, and/or sleep disturbance b Symptoms last at least six months
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) s The disorder is common in Western society b Affects ~3% of the population in any given year and ~6% at sometime during their lives s Usually first appears in childhood or adolescence s Women are diagnosed more often than men by 2:1 ratio s Various theories have been offered to explain the development of the disorder…
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 9 GAD: The Sociocultural Perspective s According to this theory, GAD is most likely to develop in people faced with social conditions that truly are dangerous b Research supports this theory (example: Three Mile Island in 1979) s One of the most powerful forms of societal stress is poverty b Why? Run-down communities, higher crime rates, fewer educational and job opportunities, and greater risk for health problems b As would be predicted by the model, there are higher rates of GAD in lower SES groups
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch04 - Chapter 4 Anxiety Disorders Comer,...

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