FAP5_Lecture_Ch05

FAP5_Lecture_Ch05 - Chapter 5 Stress Disorders Comer,...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Stress Disorders
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response s The state of stress has two components: b Stressor: event creating demands b Stress response: reactions to the demands s Influenced by how we appraise (a) the event, and (b) our capacity to react to the event effectively b People who sense that they have the ability and resources to cope are more likely to take stressors in stride
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response s When we appraise a stressor as threatening, the natural reaction is fear b Fear is a “package” of physical, emotional, and cognitive responses s Stress reactions, and the fear they produce, are often at play in psychological disorders b People who experience a large number of stressful events are particularly vulnerable to the onset of GAD, social phobia, panic disorder, and OCD, as well as other psychological problems
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response s Stress also plays a more central role in certain psychological disorders, including: b Acute stress disorder b Posttraumatic stress disorder b Technically, DSM-IV-TR lists these patterns as anxiety disorders s …as well as certain physical disorders called psychophysiological disorders b These disorders are listed in the DSM-IV-TR under “psychological factors affecting medical condition”
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response s The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by the hypothalamus b Two important systems are activated: s Autonomic nervous system (ANS) b An extensive network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) to the body’s other organs b Contains two systems: sympathetic and parasympathetic s Endocrine system b A network of glands throughout the body that release hormones
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response s There are two pathways by which the ANS and the endocrine systems produce arousal and fear reactions: b Sympathetic nervous system b Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 5 Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response s When confronting a dangerous situation, the hypothalamus first activates the sympathetic nervous system, which stimulates key organs either directly or
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch05 - Chapter 5 Stress Disorders Comer,...

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