FAP5_Lecture_Ch09

FAP5_Lecture_Ch09 - Chapter 9 Eating Disorders Comer,...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Chapter 9 Eating Disorders
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Eating Disorders s Although not historically true, current Western beauty standards equate thinness with health and beauty b Thinness has become a national obsession! s There has been a rise in eating disorders in the past three decades s Two main diagnoses: b Anorexia nervosa b Bulimia nervosa
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Anorexia Nervosa s There are two main subtypes: b Restricting type s Lose weight by restricting “bad” foods, eventually restricting nearly all food s Show almost no variability in diet b Binge-eating/purging type s Lose weight by vomiting after meals, abusing laxatives or diuretics, or engaging in excessive exercise s Like those with bulimia nervosa, people with this subtype may engage in eating binges
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Anorexia Nervosa s About 90%–95% of cases occur in females s The peak age of onset is between 14 and 18 years s Between 0.5% and 2% of females in Western countries develop the disorder b Many more display some symptoms s Rates of anorexia nervosa are increasing in North America, Japan, and Europe
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Anorexia Nervosa s The “typical” case: b A normal to slightly overweight female has been on a diet b Escalation to anorexia nervosa may follow a stressful event s Separation of parents s Move or life transition s Experience of personal failure b Most patients recover s However, about 2% to 6% become seriously ill and die as a result of medical complications or suicide
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Picture s The key goal for people with anorexia nervosa is becoming thin b The driving motivation is fear: s Of becoming obese s Of giving in to the desire to eat s Of losing control of body shape and weight
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 9 Anorexia Nervosa: The Clinical Picture s Despite their dietary restrictions, people with anorexia are preoccupied with food b This includes thinking and reading about food and planning for meals b This preoccupation may be the result of food deprivation rather than its cause s Famous 1940s “starvation study” with conscientious objectors
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 9 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch09 - Chapter 9 Eating Disorders Comer,...

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