FAP5_Lecture_Ch10

FAP5_Lecture_Ch10 - Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s What is a drug? b Any substance other than food that affects our bodies or minds s Need not be a medicine or be illegal b Current language uses the term “substance” rather than “drug” to include alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s Substances may cause temporary changes in behavior, emotion, or thought b May result in substance intoxication (literally, “poisoning”)
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s Substances can also produce long-term problems: b Substance abuse: a pattern of behavior in which a person relies on a drug excessively and repeatedly, damaging their relationships, affecting work functioning, and/or putting themselves or others in danger b Substance dependence: a more advanced pattern of use in which a person abuses a drug and centers his or her life around it s Also called “addiction” s May include tolerance (need increasing doses to get an effect) and withdrawal (unpleasant and dangerous symptoms when substance use is stopped)
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s About 10% of all adults in the U.S. display substance abuse or dependence b Only 26% receive treatment s Many drugs are available in our society b Some are naturally occurring; others are produced in a laboratory b Some require a physician’s prescription for legal use; others, like alcohol and nicotine, are legally available to adults s Still others, like heroin, are illegal under all circumstances
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s Recent statistics suggest that drug use is a significant social problem b Over 28 million people in the U.S. have used an illegal substance within the past year b Over 19 million are using one of them currently b Almost 25% of all high school seniors have used an illegal drug within the past month
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders s There are several categories of substances used and studied: b Depressants b Stimulants b Hallucinogens b Cannabis b Polydrug use
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 9 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2010 for the course PSY PSY M08 taught by Professor Tennant during the Summer '08 term at Moorpark College.

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FAP5_Lecture_Ch10 - Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders...

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