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FAP5_Lecture_Ch12 - Chapter 12 Schizophrenia Comer...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Chapter 12 Schizophrenia
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Psychosis square6 Psychosis is a state defined by a loss of contact with reality box2 The ability to perceive and respond to the environment is significantly disturbed; functioning is impaired box2 Symptoms may include hallucinations (false sensory perceptions) and/or delusions (false beliefs) square6 Psychosis may be substance-induced or caused by brain injury, but most psychoses appear in the form of schizophrenia
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia square6 Schizophrenia affects approximately 1 in 100 people in the world box2 About 2.5 million Americans currently have the disorder square6 The financial and emotional costs are enormous box2 One estimate is greater than $100 billion per year box2 Sufferers have an increased risk of suicide and illness
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia square6 Schizophrenia appears in all socioeconomic groups, but is found more frequently in the lower levels box2 Leading theorists argue that the stress of poverty causes the disorder box2 Other theorists argue that the disorder causes victims from higher social levels to fall to lower social levels and remain at lower levels square6 This is called the “downward drift” theory
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia square6 Equal numbers of men and women are diagnosed box2 In men, symptoms begin earlier and are more severe square6 Rates of diagnosis differ by marital status box2 3% of divorced or separated people box2 2% of single people box2 1% of married people square6 It is unclear whether marital problems are a cause or a result
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia square6 Rates of the disorder differ by ethnicity and race box2 About 2% of African Americans are diagnosed compared with 1.4% of Caucasians square6 The reason for these different rates is not clear square6 Some theorists believe that the difference reflects diagnostic biases, economic factors, or both
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 The Clinical Picture of Schizophrenia square6 Schizophrenia produces many “clinical pictures” box2 The symptoms, triggers, and course of schizophrenia vary greatly box2 Some clinicians have argued that schizophrenia is actually a group of distinct disorders that share common features
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