FAP5_Lecture_Ch12

FAP5_Lecture_Ch12 - Chapter 12 Schizophrenia Comer,...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Chapter 12 Schizophrenia
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Psychosis s Psychosis is a state defined by a loss of contact with reality b The ability to perceive and respond to the environment is significantly disturbed; functioning is impaired b Symptoms may include hallucinations (false sensory perceptions) and/or delusions (false beliefs) s Psychosis may be substance-induced or caused by brain injury, but most psychoses appear in the form of schizophrenia
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia s Schizophrenia affects approximately 1 in 100 people in the world b About 2.5 million Americans currently have the disorder s The financial and emotional costs are enormous b One estimate is greater than $100 billion per year b Sufferers have an increased risk of suicide and illness
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia s Schizophrenia appears in all socioeconomic groups, but is found more frequently in the lower levels b Leading theorists argue that the stress of poverty causes the disorder b Other theorists argue that the disorder causes victims from higher social levels to fall to lower social levels and remain at lower levels s This is called the “downward drift” theory
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia s Equal numbers of men and women are diagnosed b In men, symptoms begin earlier and are more severe s Rates of diagnosis differ by marital status b 3% of divorced or separated people b 2% of single people b 1% of married people s It is unclear whether marital problems are a cause or a result
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 Schizophrenia s Rates of the disorder differ by ethnicity and race b About 2% of African Americans are diagnosed compared with 1.4% of Caucasians s The reason for these different rates is not clear s Some theorists believe that the difference reflects diagnostic biases, economic factors, or both
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 12 The Clinical Picture of Schizophrenia s Schizophrenia produces many “clinical pictures” b The symptoms, triggers, and course of schizophrenia vary greatly b Some clinicians have argued that schizophrenia is actually a group of distinct disorders that share common features
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 9 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch12 - Chapter 12 Schizophrenia Comer,...

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