FAP5_Lecture_Ch14

FAP5_Lecture_Ch14 - Chapter 14 Disorders of Childhood and...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Chapter 14 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence s Abnormal functioning can occur at any time in life s Some patterns of abnormality, however, are more likely to emerge during particular periods
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Childhood and Adolescence s People often think of childhood as a carefree and happy time – yet it can also be frightening and upsetting b Children of all cultures typically experience at least some emotional and behavioral problems as they encounter new people and situations s Surveys indicate that worry is a common experience s Bedwetting, nightmares, and temper tantrums are other problems experienced by many children
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Childhood and Adolescence s Adolescence can also be a difficult period b Physical and sexual changes, social and academic pressures, personal doubts, and temptation cause many teenagers to feel anxious, confused, and depressed
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Childhood and Adolescence s Along with these common psychological difficulties, at least one-fifth of all children and adolescents in North America also experience a diagnosable psychological disorder b Boys with disorders outnumber girls with disorders, even though most of the adult psychological disorders are more common in women
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Childhood and Adolescence s Certain disorders of children – childhood anxiety disorders and childhood depression – have adult counterparts s In contrast, other childhood disorders – conduct disorders, ADHD, and elimination disorders, for example – usually disappear or radically change form by adulthood s There also are disorders that begin in birth or childhood and persist in stable forms into adult life b These include pervasive developmental disorders and mental retardation
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder s Children consistently displaying extreme hostility and defiance may qualify for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder b This disorder is characterized by repeated arguments with adults, loss of temper, anger, and resentment b Children with this disorder ignore adult requests and rules, try to annoy people, and blame others for their mistakes and problems b Approximately 8% of children qualify for this diagnosis b The disorder is more common in boys than girls before puberty but equal in both sexes after puberty
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder s Children with conduct disorder, a more severe problem, repeatedly violate the basic rights of others b They are often aggressive and may be physically cruel and violent b Many steal from, threaten, or harm their victims, committing such crimes as shoplifting, vandalism, mugging, and armed robbery
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 9
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch14 - Chapter 14 Disorders of Childhood and...

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