FAP5_Lecture_Ch15

FAP5_Lecture_Ch15 - Chapter 15 Disorders of Aging and...

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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 1 Chapter 15 Disorders of Aging and Cognition
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 2 Disorders of Aging and Cognition s Dementia – deterioration of one’s memory and related cognitive faculties – is currently the most publicized and feared psychological problem among the elderly b It is, however, hardly the only one s A variety of psychological disorders are tied closely to later life b As with childhood disorders, some of the disorders of old age are caused primarily by pressures that are particularly likely to appear at that time of life, others by unique traumatic experiences, and still others – like dementia – by biological abnormalities
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 3 Old Age and Stress s Old age is usually defined in our society as the years past age 65 b More than 35 million “old” people in the U.S. b Older women outnumber older men by 3 to 2 s Like childhood, old age brings special pressure, unique upsets, and key biological changes
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 4 Old Age and Stress s The stresses of elderly people need not result in psychological disorders; however, studies indicate that as many as 50% of elderly people would benefit from mental health services b Fewer than 20% actually receive them s Geropsychology is the field of psychology dedicated to the mental health of elderly people
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 5 Old Age and Stress s The psychological problems of elderly persons may be divided into two groups: b Disorders that are found in people of all ages but are connected to the process of aging s Depressive, anxiety, and substance-related disorders b Disorders of cognition that result from brain abnormalities s Delirium, dementia
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 6 Depression in Later Life s Depression is one of the most common mental health problems of older adults s The features of depression are the same for elderly people as for younger people b As many as 20% of people experience this disorder at some point during old age s The rate is highest in older women s Several studies suggest that depression among older people raises their chances of developing significant medical problems
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 7 Depression in Later Life s Elderly persons are more likely to commit suicide than younger ones, and often their suicides are related to depression
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Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 3e 8 Depression in Later Life s Like younger adults, older people who are depressed may be helped by cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy, antidepressant medications, or a combination of these approaches b More than half of older patients with depression improve with these treatments b It is sometimes difficult for elderly people to use antidepressant drugs effectively and safely because the body’s metabolism works differently in later life
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FAP5_Lecture_Ch15 - Chapter 15 Disorders of Aging and...

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