Unformatted text preview: bringing about social order. This predictability is the foundation of social life, and without it there would be social chaos. Deviance , or not following the norms of society, takes away this essential predictability, threatening the social order which our lives are based upon. This extreme consequence of deviance establishes the need for a system of social control. Social control consists of both formal and informal ways of enforcing the norms of society. Sanctions , reactions people get for upholding or violating norms, are used to reinforce or extinguish deviance and conformity. Negative sanctions , ranging from disapproving stares to capital punishment, are used to extinguish deviance and reinforce conformity by instilling a fear of punishment, or the disapproval of other members of society. Positive sanctions , ranging from a smile to a formal reward such as a raise, are used to reinforce conformity by rewarding those who conform to the norms....
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2010 for the course SOC SOC 201 taught by Professor Gottschalk during the Spring '07 term at Peru State.
- Spring '07