Lecture 4 - The Social Gospel.docx - The Social Gospel...

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The Social Gospel: Urban Reform, Women’s Suffrage and the Roots of the Progressive Movement I. The Social Gospel II. Settlement Houses and Urban Reform III. Women’s Suffrage Activism The Shifting Role of Women Henry George and the Progress and Poverty (1879) Travels to New York and sees how great the rich live and how awful the poor live and how they are barely surviving He believes that the rich are living off unearned money – i.e. by exploiting workers and jacking up prices of needed goods In 1879, George write the book Progress and Poverty Very difficult to read and huuuuge By 1900 the book had sold 2 million copies and had been translated into several languages He argued that all people had a right to use the land, as much as they had the right to breathe air. Did not believe that anyone had a right to own land His idea of “unearned wealth” spread across America. No real legislation or policy came out of his ideas but his work is the intellectual form work for the Social Gospel to come The Social Gospel – A religious, intellectual movement that applied Christian ethics to contemporary social problems. Helping the poor, helping to reduce crime, cleaning up the city and etc. were Christian values and their responsibility to reform

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