Education in Pakistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Education in Pakistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -...

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Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running! Education in Pakistan From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Education in Pakistan Educational oversight Ministry of Education National education budget Rs.9556.442 million [1] ( 2007 ) Primary languages Urdu and English . Mainly public system Literacy (2007) • Men • Women 56 [2] % 63 [3] % 36 [4] % Enrollment '
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Primary Secondary Post-secondary 87.3% [5] 44% [6] 4.6% [7] Attainment Secondary diploma Post-secondary diploma ? ? Education in Pakistan is divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, culminating in matriculation); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to an F.A. diploma in arts or F.S. science; and university programs leading to undergraduate and advanced degrees. Academic and technical education institutions are the responsibility of the federal Ministry of Education, which coordinates instruction through the intermediate level. However, education is still largely a provincial matter with each province having its own board of education. Above that level, a designated university in each province is responsible for coordination of instruction and examinations. In certain cases, a different ministry may oversee specialized programs. Universities enjoy limited autonomy; their finances are overseen by a University Grants Commission, as in Britain. [8] Contents [ hide ] 1 Historical Background
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2 Pre-school 3 Primary Education 4 Secondary Education 5 Post-Secondary o 5.1 Degrees Offered 6 Private Institutions 7 Criticism 8 See also 9 Further reading 10 External links 11 Educational Resources [ edit ] Historical Background When Pakistan was founded in 1947 as a result of the partition with India, the country had only one institution of higher education [9] , the University of the Punjab. Over the next 20 years, many private and public schools and higher education institutions were established to help fuel the country’s socio-economic development. In the early 1970s, all of Pakistan’s educational institutions were nationalized under the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was committed to the idea of Islamic Socialism. For the next decade, Pakistan’s entire system of education was state-run. However, the growing demand for higher education fast outpaced the establishment of new public universities. During that period, the system could accommodate only 25 percent of the high school graduates who applied to higher education institutions. The overcrowding prompted many wealthy Pakistanis to seek university degrees abroad in the United States, Great Britain and Australia, while others sought out private tutors at home or entered the job market without a degree.
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In 1979 a government commission reviewed the consequences of nationalization and concluded that in view of the poor participation rates at all levels of education, the public sector could no longer be
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Education in Pakistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -...

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