Choose as many questions as you want points. This asignment is worth 50 points. 10
questions, up to 5 points for each answered.
Use your text (even the chapter summary will help) and write out your answers.
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1. Describe what it means to be healthy.
Being healthy means being in a state of optimal well-being. Health goes beyond
just our physical bodies and the absence of disease and infirmity to include our physical,
mental, and social well-being. Being completely healthy means that we are at an
optimum level of physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual wellness. If we are
truly healthy we are happy and content with ourselves, environment, feelings and
thoughts. Somebody could easily pass a physical exam yet still be sick in many other
aspects of life. Health is a quality of life that the WHO defines as “a state of complete
physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and
infirmity”. Our health is affected by every aspect of our lives including our environment,
quality of food, shelter, air, water and people around us.
2. Describe the medical, environmental, and holistic, or wellness, models of health.
According to the medical model health is the absence of one or more of the “five
Ds” – death, disease, discomfort, disability, and dissatisfaction. According to the medical
model of health you are healthy if you are not currently sick, disabled or clinically
depressed. The medical model uses vital statistics that measure population’s morbidity
and mortality rates. The environmental model of health defines health in terms of the
quality of a person’s adaptation to the environment as conditions change. The
environmental model of health takes into account such things as socioeconomic status
and education. This model of health focuses on the environment outside of the individual
that affect ones health. According to the environmental model of health illness is seen as
being out of sync with the environment. The Holistic model of health looks at the big