C101 - Chapter 2 Questions

C101 - Chapter 2 Questions - 1. Describe three ways the...

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1. Describe three ways the mind and body communicate biologically. Three ways that the mind and body communicate biologically are the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system and the immune system. The autonomic nervous system consists of nerves that control physiological processes like our heart rates, blood pressure, gastrointestinal activities, sweating and elimination. The ANS works automatically without us thinking about it. This system works to somewhat stabilize us psychologically by making us sweat when we are hot and increasing our heart rate when we exercise. The endocrine or hormone system works by producing chemicals by special organs and tissues that regulate specific biological functions. Hormones respond to changes in the outside world. A good example of a hormone is adrenalin which makes us more alert. The immune system communicates with the mind using the nervous and endocrine systems. The immune system responds to hormones like cortisol and can release chemicals like cytokines affecting both the nervous and endocrine systems. The mind plays an important role and is always in direct communication with our entire bodies. 2. Define psychosomatic illness. A psychosomatic illness is an illness created by the mind. Negative mental states such as attitudes, anxiety, depression and stress can actually affect our bodies’ physiology. Although the mind is what helps create the illness the illness itself is not
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C101 - Chapter 2 Questions - 1. Describe three ways the...

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