C101 - Chapter 5 Keywords

C101 - Chapter 5 Keywords - 1. Amino acids Compounds...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
proteins. 2. Anemia – A deficiency of red blood cells; often caused by insufficient iron. 3. Antioxidants – Substance that in small amounts inhibits the oxidation of other compounds. 4. Artificial fat – Chemicals added to packaged foods to provide the taste and texture of fat but few or no calories. 5. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) – The amount of energy needed per day to keep the body functioning while at rest. 6. Basal metabolism – The minimum amount of energy needed to keep the body alive. 7. Calorie – The amount of energy required to raise 1 g of water from 14.5C to 15.5C. 8. Carbohydrates – The main source of biological energy; biological molecules consisting of one or more sugar molecules. 9. Cellulose – A carbohydrate forming the skeleton of most plant structures and plant cells; the most abundant polysaccharide in nature and the source of dietary fiber. 10. Cholesterol – A fatlike compound occurring in bile, blood, brain, nerve tissue, liver, and other parts of the body. 11. Complex carbohydrates – A class of carbohydrates called polysaccharides; foods composed of starch and cellulose. 12. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) – a nucleic acid complex molecular structure occurring in cell nuclei; carrier of the genes; present in all body cells of every species. 13. Dietary supplements – Products that provide one or more of the 40 essential nutrients or nonessential vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, herbs, hormones, and nucleic acids. 14. Essential amino acids – Amino acids that cannot by synthesized by the body and must be provided by food. 15. Essential nutrients – Chemical substances obtained from food and needed by the body for growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues; not made by the body; must be obtained from food. 16. Fat-soluble vitamins – Soluble in fat; there are four fat-soluble vitamins.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/13/2010 for the course HEAL HSCI/C101 taught by Professor Dr.rodriguez during the Spring '08 term at Citrus College.

Page1 / 4

C101 - Chapter 5 Keywords - 1. Amino acids Compounds...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online