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Lesson 8 - Gods, God, and Christ: ChristologyThursday, March 26, 20204:16 PMLesson HighlightView videos of the ancient city of Ephesus shot by your professor,Dr. Lucian Turcescu.TimelineThe Nestorius controversy: 431 ADIntro: 5th century (mostly) Discussion about the two natures in Jesus christ oHow is it possible to be both human and divine? oDebate started because of the devotion to the Virgin MaryNew leader to Constantinople READINGS:%20definitions.pdf?course=origins_christianity&document=9_Shaping_Christianity_Ch8Ancient GodsCanaan and Babyloniangods:Ancient and near eastern divinities mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and rejected by monotheistic Jews in favor ofYahweh:Baals, Astartes of Canaan
The Marduks and Tiamaths of BabyloniaGreco->Roman gods:Zeus->Jupiter; Hera->Juno; Athena->Minerva (organized sometimes in a hierarchy modeling the human one)Sun God(Mithra or Helios)This god is a move toward monotheism. The Sun God rules, surrounded by various spirits/demonsEuhemerismThis form of worship interpreted the gods as former heroes who became divinizedNeoplatonismClassical pagan philosophy which was a synthesis of Platonism, Aristotlism, Stoicism and Pythagoreanism. This mystical philosophy speaks of a Triad: One-Mind/Nous-SoulThe Temple of Hera, Magna Graecia, Italy
Jupiter and Junoby painter A. Carraci(Source for both: Wikipedia)The Christian GodUnder the influence of:Jewish monotheism, some Christians affirmed God’s oneness: Sonand Spirit were mere aspects (masks) of the one GodPaul’s assertion “One God, one Lord” :some embraced a binitarian scheme of two gods, whereby the
Son and the Spirit would be identicalNeoplatonist Triad: some spoke of three separate deities (or gods)ArianismArius, in the 4th century, denied that Jesus was God.The Councils of Nicaea (325 AD) andConstantinople (381 AD) set the record straight against Arianism.Christology
The doctrine about the person and works of Jesus ChristRelationship of his two natures: divine and humanApollinarius of Laodicaea(310-390 AD)Said that the Logos took the placeof the human soul in Jesus Christ. This meant that Jesus’s human nature would be incomplete.Apollinarius’s view was rejected by people like Gregory of Nazianzus, who wrote: “what is not assumed cannot be healed”.Left: 6th-century mosaicof Jesus at Church San Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy. Though depictions of Jesus are culturally important, no undisputed record of Jesus' appearance is known to exist (Source: PD-ART, Wikipedia) Alexandria and AntiochTheologians from AlexandriaTheologians fromAntiochTheologians: Panthenus, Clement and OrigenTended to interpret the Bible allegorically and typologicallyAlexandrian Christology – high ChristologyTended to interpret the Bible literallyand historicallyAntiochian Christology – low
Christology

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Term
Fall
Professor
Dr.LucianTurcescu
Tags
Christology, The Bible, Lord Jesus Christ, First Council of Ephesus, Cyril

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