C101 - Chapter 6 Keywords

C101 - Chapter 6 Keywords - marked by excessive eating,...

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1. Anorexia nervosa – Disorder occurring most commonly in adolescent females, characterized by abnormal body image, fear of obesity, and prolonged refusal to eat, sometimes resulting in death. 2. Appestat – Region of the hypothalamus that controls appetite and eating behavior. 3. Appetite suppressants – Drugs that diminish the sense of hunger. 4. Binge eating disorder – An uncontrolled consumption of large quantities of food in a short period of time, even if the person does not feel hungry. 5. Body image – A person’s mental image of his or her body. 6. Body mass index – A measure of body fatness, calculated by dividing body weight (in kilograms) by the square of height (in meters). 7. Bulimia – Serious disorder, especially common in adolescents and young women,
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Unformatted text preview: marked by excessive eating, often followed by self-induced vomiting, purging, or fasting. 8. Energy balance When energy consumed as food equals the energy expended in living. 9. Essential fat Necessary and required fat in the diet; required for normal physiological functioning. 10. Female athlete triad Combination of disordered eating, cessation of menstruation (amenorrhea), and weakened bones (asteoporosis). 11. Leptin A hormone that controls appetite. 12. Liposuction Surgery used to remove fat under the skin to reshape parts of the body. 13. Obesity Storage fat exceeding 30% of body weight. 14. Storage fat Also called depot fat; energy stored as fat in various parts of the body. 15. Triglyceride A storage form of fat....
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