C101 - Chapter 6 Questions

C101 - Chapter 6 Questions - 1. Describe the extent and...

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1. Describe the extent and causes of overweight in American society. The extent of obesity in American society is very large. 65% of Americans are considered overweight including many children. Over 120,000 Americans die prematurely because of obesity annually and the additional cost to health care is over 120 billion. Some causes of obesity in America include an overconsumption of calorie-dense foods in relation to energy expenditure, an abundance of inexpensive, palatable foods and fast food. Other causes of obesity include the reduction in jobs that require physical labor, an increase in time spent watching TV, using the computer, and playing video games and an increase in the stress of life, which fosters eating high-fat, high-sugar “comfort foods”. 2. Describe the significance of body mass index (BMI) to health. The body mass index (BMI) is indexes of healthy body weights that are given in tables of “ideal weight for height” issued by both government agencies and insurance companies and are based on statistics for longevity. The BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight by their height squared. Studies have shown that people who weigh more then they should have higher risks for diabetes, gallbladder disease, varicose veins, arthritis, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, breathing problems, and accident proneness. 3. Describe the appestat and factors affecting it.
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C101 - Chapter 6 Questions - 1. Describe the extent and...

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