Running head: THE IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC PERFROMANCE BASED OFF 1 The Improvement of Academic Performance Based off Physical Activity Tre’ Michael Tutt Texas A&M University- Kingsville EDKN 4329 Mrs. Burt
THE IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE BASED OFF 2 Physical activity (PA) is known as any bodily movements of the human body that requires using a certain amount of energy expenditure. According to the World Health Organization (2016), (WHO) a child who ranges in the age of five to seventeen should engage in at least 60 minutes a day in moderate to vigorous activity for three to five days a week to maintain a healthy lifestyle. According to the World Health Organization (2016) one out of three children are physically active on the daily basis. Furthermore, only five percent of children in the world are active for 30 minutes or more a day. When participating in regular PA it has multiple benefits that can increase the quality of the life for a person, increase a child’s social, psychological health and academic performance in the classroom setting. Many researchers have stated that children who are physically active on a daily basis perform better than children who aren’t physically active in a variety of different task in life (Wittberg, Northrup, & Cottrell 2012). Although, multiple studies have stated that physical activity is an important factor for the youth’s body as well as a child’s growing brain, the physical activity levels across the world are still very low in children ages five to seventeen (Amornsriwatanakul, Lester, Bull, & Rosenberg 2017). In today’s society physical activity has become less of a worry in the public school setting as schools are starting to focus more on academics than the health of their students. It has been documented by researchers that 44% of schools have cut resources pertaining to physical education (PE), recess and increased the time spent in the classroom setting for their students (Wittberg et al., 2012). Many previous studies have debated the positive effects that physical activity has on the brain with a person’s academic performance in the classroom setting (Wittberg et al., 2012). While it is important for children to focus on their education, studies have shown that children need to give their brain a break during the day to incorporate some type of physical activity into their daily schedules. It has been proven that children need time away
THE IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE BASED OFF 3 from sitting in their desk at school to increase brain stimulation, energy levels, and engagement in the academic classroom setting (Wittberg et al., 2012). This literature review will explore the effects that physical activity has on improving academic achievement levels in children ranging from ages of six to seventeen.
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- Summer '19
- Mrs. Burt
- Secondary school