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Managing and Using Information Systems Ch. 11

Managing and Using Information Systems Ch. 11 - scope creep...

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Managing and Using Information Systems Ch. 11 – Project Management This chapter provides an overview of what a project is and how to manage one. It discusses the aspects of IT-intensive projects that make them uniquely challenging. Finally, it identifies the issues that shape the role of the general manager in such projects and help them to manage risk. WHAT DEFINES A PROJECT? [A] project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service. Temporary means that every project has a definite beginning and a definite end. Unique means that the product or service is different in some distinguishing way from all similar products or services. WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT? Project management is the “application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectation from a project.” Project triangle; Quality = Successfully managing and balancing time, cost, and scope. The increase in scope after a project has begun is aptly called
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Unformatted text preview: scope creep PROJECT MEASUREMENT Many projects are measured in “man-months,” the most common unit for discussing the size of a project. – REFER TO SUMMARY PROJECT ELEMENTS Four elements essential for any project include a (1) common project vocabulary, (2) teamwork, (3) a project cycle plan, and (4) project management. The elements of project management include (1) identification of requirements, (2) organizational integration, (3) team management, (4) risk and opportunity management, (5) project control, (6) project visibility, (7) project status, (8) corrective action, and (9) project leadership. IT PROJECT DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES IT professionals use four main methodologies to manage the technology projects. Of those methods, systems development life cycle (SDLC) is a popular method for developing information systems. Other traditional methods are prototyping, rapid applications development (RAD), and joint applications development (JAD)....
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