Chapter 3 Reading Note - Chapter 3 Cultural Understandings...

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Chapter 3 Cultural Understandings of Emotions The construction of emotions in the West Implicit theories of emotion 1. A distrust of emotion-> emotional = irrational 2. A guarantee of authenticity -> Romanticism, emotions came to be valued in personal life, in politics, in literature, and in philosophy. Romanticism -> Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that religious sensibility is based on how you feel. Education should be natural and people’s natural emotions indicate what is right. In the Romantic movement, we see core beliefs about human nature and about emotions as original, primordial, authentic causes of behavior. Prioritized emotions in social life. The elements of a cultural approach to emotion Values, concepts, and ideas about the self and shape how members of particular societies experience emotion are not universal. 1. Emotions are constructed primarily by the processes of culture. Emotions are radically different across different cultures, so that the interest in emotions across cultures is an interest in their differences. 2. Emotions are roles that people fulfill to play out culture-specific identities and relationships. The self- construal approach: independent and interdependent selves Declaration of Independence prioritized the rights and freedoms of individual. Western people are concerned about their individuality, self-actualizing, freedom and self-expression. Confucius’ The Analects emphasized the importance of knowing one’s place in the society, of honoring traditions and roles, and of thinking of others before the self. Self-Construal -> The independent self vs. The interdependent self The Independent self The Interdependent self I am autonomous, separate I am connected to others I have unique traits and preferences I fulfill roles and duties
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course PSYCH 3850 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Chapter 3 Reading Note - Chapter 3 Cultural Understandings...

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