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Chapter 9 Reading Note

Chapter 9 Reading Note - Chapter 9 Emotions in Social...

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Chapter 9 Emotions in Social Relationships Social goals and social emotions Love, compassion, and gratitude are underpinnings of cooperative behavior and they are advantageous in reproducing the genes of individuals and those to whom they are closely related. What sets primates apart from other species is the capacity for kindness. The ethologist Lorenz argues aggression is an innate drive like hunger and puts human nature in peril. Three kinds of social motivation: attachment, affliation, and assertion Attachment – functions to protect and care for the immature infant Affiliation – ‘warmth’ and affection , draws individuals together even when they are not related. It is the core of kindness, friendship, and romantic love. Assertion- ‘power’, the motivation to rise in the social hierarchy and resist challenges from opponents Three social motivations are sufficiently pervasive across contexts and cultures and important in life. Attachment and its separation from affiliation Attachment – essentially protective. Trust is really a confidence that one is and can continue to be safe. Maternal sensitivity to the infant’s needs-> infants develop sense of trust from parents being sensitive and responsive. Affiliation – warmth and affection and including sensitivity Affiliation and warmth are important in human development but they involve different processes than of protection. Attachment occurs among all primates, but only some species form affectional bonds based on warmth (affiliation). The separate systems of attachment and affiliative warmth can be differently prioritized in different cultures. Affiliation and warmth is built on positive rewards and closely related to touch. Emotions as social 1. Emotions are evaluations, or appraisals, of events that affect different kinds of social goals. 2. Emotions are not solely determined by appraisals of events. Emotions are reappraised, so that the emotions become amalgams of what started them and the social negotiations they have occasioned. 3. Emotions create social relationships. Emotions are not just states of readiness. They are commitments . We commit ourselves to the relationship for which the emotion sets the frame.
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