Chapter 10 Reading Note

Chapter 10 Reading Note - Chapter 10 Emotions and Cognition...

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Chapter 10 Emotions and Cognition Without a functioning orbitofrontal cortex, people lack judgment and rationality. They do not appreciate or abide by morals and conventions. Magical transformation – how emotions influence our reasoning. Historical perspectives on the interplay between passion and reason Meaning of rationality concerns (1) whether the emotions are based on substantive beliefs. (do beliefs and appraisals supporting our emotions correspond to actual events in the world?) (2) whether emotions help individuals function effectively in the social world. (3) do emotions guide cognitive processes like perception, attention, memory, and judgment in principled, organized, and constructive ways? Emotions structure perception, direct attention, give preferential access to certain memories, and bias judgment in ways that help the individual respond to the environment. Emotions as prioritizers of thoughts, goals, and actions Emotions set priorities among the many different goals that impinge upon individuals at any moment in time. Emotions prompt us and create an urge and a readiness, to act in way that has been better either than simply acting randomly or than becoming lost in thought trying to calculate the best possible action. (emotions signal conflict and redirect the individual’s action) Emotions involve two different kinds of signaling in the nervous system. 1. Signal occurs automatically and derives from primary appraisal. Signal is organizational because it rather simply sets the brain into a particular mode of organization, or readiness. Phenomena of emotional priming operate at this automatic and unconscious level and are resistant to attributional interventions. 2. Second kind of signal derives from secondary appraisal. It is informational . The information it carries enables us to make mental models of the events and their possible causes and implications. Organizational and informational signals can occur together to produce an emotional feeling (with known object and cause) in a way that help the individual respond to emergent opportunities and challenges in the environment. But two can be dissociated as we can have emotions with no objects or change them without doing anything. Three perspectives on the effects of emotions on cognitive functioning Emotion congruence Moods and emotions are associative networks in the mind. When you experience an emotion, all of the associations of that emotion become more accessible and available for use in different judgments. Bower suggests we should be better able to learn material that is
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course PSYCH 3850 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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Chapter 10 Reading Note - Chapter 10 Emotions and Cognition...

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