Emotion Lecture 11 2010 Emotion, Memory, and Judgment_1

Emotion Lecture 11 2010 Emotion, Memory, and Judgment_1 -...

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Emotion and Memory (cont’d) Emotion and Judgment Lecture 11 The Psychology of Emotion D. Pizarro 1 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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“No Special Mechanism” View To the extent that emotions are related to memory improvements, this can be wholly explained by other features of emotional events, such as that they tend to be: distinctive interesting unexpected well-rehearsed 2 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Emotional Enhancement of Memory Those who argue that emotional memories are not “special” in any way also have to contend with another set of Fndings demonstrating the special role of emotions: 3 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Amygdala 4 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Canli (2000) fMRI Study Method Participants saw neutral and negative pictures and rated them for emotion A separate fMRI response was recorded in the amygdala as they rated each picture. 3 weeks later: Surprise recognition test. 5 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Canli (2000) Results Pictures rated as more emotional more activation in the amygdala For the most emotional pictures, the greater the amygdala activation, the more likely participants were to clearly remember the pictures So, activation of the amygdala is associated with better memory for emotional experiences. But what about “distinctiveness hypothesis”? 6 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Hamann (1999) PET study Method : Participants rate 4 types of pictures for emotional intensity: Positive Negative Distinctive Neutral PET scans as pictures were rated Memory test 1 month later 7 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Hamann (1999) PET study (cont’d) Both emotional & distinctive pictures were remembered better than neutral pictures. Greater amygdala activity and better memory for emotional pictures. No association between amygdala activity and memory for distinctive pictures. 8 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Special Mechanism? Emotions may not make Memories PERFECT, and they may even introduce errors. But plenty of evidence that emotions aid the recollection of SOME kind of information (e.g., central vs. peripheral). Amygdala imaging studies Fear conditioning studies in animals (fear conditioning spontaneously remembered) 9 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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Specifc Emotions & Memory Much of this research has been conducted by studying emotion as: Arousal Valence We know that emotions come in different Favors, however. 10 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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11 Tuesday, March 2, 2010
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memory in diFFerent ways. .. Growing body of research demonstrating selective recall of information when Angry Sad Fearful Memory research only now opening up to this possibility.
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course PSYCH 3850 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Emotion Lecture 11 2010 Emotion, Memory, and Judgment_1 -...

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