Emotion Lecture 12 2010 Individual Differences

Emotion Lecture 12 2010 Individual Differences - Individual...

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Individual Differences in Emotion Psychology of Emotion Day 15 Professor David Pizarro 1 Monday, March 15, 2010
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Personality Traits vs. Situations? Social psychologists focus on the power of situational variables to affect the person Personality psychologists focus on stable individual differences, such as traits Plenty of debate as to whether situations or personality inFuence behavior more powerfully Ok. .. That debate aside. .. What might we expect to differ across individuals? 2 Monday, March 15, 2010
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Personality & Emotionality Converging ideas about the sorts of ways individuals differ in their emotional styles “Big” idea Individuals have differing levels of positive and negative emotionality Referred to by many different names Biological basis for the distinction 3 Monday, March 15, 2010
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Eysenck’s PEN Model Extraversion (Positive Emotion) Different resting levels of cortical arousal Extraverts: Below optimal level Seek out positive experiences for stimulation Increased positive emotion Neuroticism (Negative Emotion) Different reactivity in sympathetic nervous system (Fght/±ight) Neurotics: Highly reactive (low threshold) Easily upset, increases negative emotion 4 Monday, March 15, 2010
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Gray’s Inhibition/ Approach Model Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) Sensitivity to novel or punishing stimuli Increased negative emotion (anxiety/fear) Septohippocampal connections Behavioral Approach System (BAS) Sensitivity to rewarding stimuli Increased positive emotion (pleasure) Dopamine 5 Monday, March 15, 2010
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“Septohippocampal” 6 Monday, March 15, 2010
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Nurture Assume the existence of stable individual differences in positive vs. negative emotionality What is the primary cause of these differences? Differences in parental care, family
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Emotion Lecture 12 2010 Individual Differences - Individual...

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