Emotion Lecture 13 2010 Culture and Emotion I

Emotion Lecture 13 2010 Culture and Emotion I - Culture and...

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Culture and Emotion Psychology of Emotion Professor David Pizarro 1 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Universal causes of Emotion. .. We defned emotion (theoretical attempt at universality) Evolution (Animals, Function, Basic) Biology (Brain, Physiology) Individual Development (Universal Mechanisms) Situational Factors 2 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Sources of Difference in Emotional Experience. .. Individual Personality/Temperament Cultural Differences? 3 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Would these people have differences in emotion? 4 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Cultural Differences in Emotional Experience. .. As with any nature/nurture debate, the claims are often framed strongly: Universal : We all have similar emotions-- cultural differences can’t trump our biological equipment/evolutionary heritage Culturally Relative : Emotions are inherently socially constructed--have no meaning outside of our culture 5 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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More specifcally. .. Universal = Basic Basic emotions are pancultural, emotions are part of nature and, therefore, all cultures have words for basic emotions Relativist = Culturally/Socially Constructed All emotions are dependent on a culture ReFect norms, values, etc speci±c to that particular culture 6 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Reminder: “Basic” Emotions The notion of basic emotions implies universality Initial evidence for universality of basic emotions came from facial expression studies by Ekman and colleagues But there are other sources of evidence to test the claim of universality vs. cultural relativity 7 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Sidenote: What is Culture? Tough--entire courses are taught in an attempt to answer this question Human-made things (as opposed to “nature”) Systems of meaning (interpret the world around us). Concepts transmitted through social participation Presumably (and rather obviously) affects/ shapes many psychological processes 8 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Why should culture make a difference? Given that we’re all made of the same “stuff” and evolved similarly why would we have differences? It’s possible we overestimate how “hard- wired” emotional systems really are. It’s possible that even with hard-wired “basic” emotions that there is Fexibility in expression, elicitors, regulation, etc. 9 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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Why should culture make a difference? “Evolved” doesn’t preclude “fexible” Example: Anger when important goal is blocked. DeFnition o± “important goal” varies across many individuals, situations, and cultures. A certain amount o± fexibility would be advantageous 10 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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The Social Construction of Emotion Anthropological Tradition Wide differences in cultural views of the world Must immerse oneself into the culture in order to understand the differences Example: social construction of “love” 11 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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12 Wednesday, March 31, 2010
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course PSYCH 3850 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Emotion Lecture 13 2010 Culture and Emotion I - Culture and...

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