Unformatted text preview: SOC SOC 1101: Introduction to Sociology Lecture 1: What is Sociology?
Wednesday, January 27 What What is Sociology?
“…[T]he study of social life, social change, and the social study of social life social change and the social causes causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts Since human and how people interact within these contexts. Since human behavior behavior is shaped by social factors, the subject matter of sociology ranges from the intimate family to the hostile mob; from organized crime to religious cults; from the divisions of from organized crime to religious cults; from the divisions of race, race, gender and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture; and from the sociology of work to the sociology of sports sports.” – The American Sociological Association What What is Sociology?
Comte “Sociologie” e” socius = companion, associate + -logy = the study of Hierarchy Hierarchy of the sciences Sociology
Astronomy Comte’s Comte’s agenda for sociology
• Document and analyze social statics social - Parts of society (e.g., families, businesses, governments) - How the parts fit together (e.g., harmony vs. disorder) • Document and analyze social dynamics social
- Short-term social processes ort- Social progress and evolution (i.e., long-term change) long- Core Core topics in sociology
• Social stratification – the unequal distribution of resources or conditions across groups (e.g., wealth, health care) (e.g., • Social change (e.g., social movements) • Deviance and crime • Economic phenomena (e.g., social exchange, labor market) • Population, demography (e.g., immigration, health, urbanicity) (e.g., • Social integration (e.g., the internet, social networks) (e.g., The The promise of sociology
Mills • Life is a series of external forces, pressures, obstacles • Individuals’ experiences, values, and behaviors reflect larger social and historical conditions • Sociology, and the “sociological imagination,” are tools for Sociology and the sociological imagination are tools for revealing revealing and “seeing” these conditions and their effects, thus providing the means of understanding and emancipation What What do sociologists do?
• Professors in colleges/universities in colleges/universities • Directors of research, analysts, and field researchers in industry government (e Census NIH) service organizations industry, government (e.g., Census, NIH), service organizations, think tanks Independent consultants (e organizational efficiency • Independent consultants (e.g., organizational efficiency analysts) analysts) • Human resources, industrial relations, public relations, Human resources, industrial relations, public relations, marketing marketing • Counselors, social service social service ...
View Full Document