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ling0929 - Abugida(aka Syllabic alphabet Tamil(India below...

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Seeing Speech II: Writing Systems Linguistics 100 September 29, 2010 Key concepts: logographic vs. phonographic writing systems; syllabaries vs. alphabets 1 Writing vs. Speaking Q: Is the ability to use Language innate? Language: Writing: major division: logographic ( logos ‘word’; oldest forms) vs. phonographic ( phono ‘sound’) 2 Complex Writing Systems 2.1 Pictograms 1
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Kirby/UBC/Ling 100/Writing 2010 Winter Term 1 2.2 Ideograms 2.3 Logograms e.g. Hieroglyphics 1 (above), Cuneiform (5,000 yrs ago), Chinese (kanji; 3,000 yrs ago), Mayan 3 Phonographic Writing Systems 1 Translation of all texts below: ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.’ (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 2
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Kirby/UBC/Ling 100/Writing 2010 Winter Term 1 3.1 Syllabic Systems Syllabary : Amharic (Ethiopia; below), Phoenician (4,000 yrs ago), Japanese kana, Cherokee
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Unformatted text preview: Abugida (aka Syllabic alphabet ): Tamil (India; below), Sanskrit, Tagalog, Thai, Tibetan 3.2 Alphabets ⇒ most efficient w.r.t. number of symbols needed (e.g. Roman: 26 letters; Greek: 24) Abjad (aka Consonantal alphabet ): e.g. Hebrew (below), Arabic, Phoenician 3 Kirby/UBC/Ling 100/Writing 2010 Winter Term 1 Phonemic alphabet : e.g. Korean (below), Roman, Cyrillic, Greek NB: • phonemes: • allophones : • e.g. /t/ in stop [st A p] vs. top [t h A p] – /t/ phoneme → [t], [t h ] allophones (both get “heard” as /t/) 4 Other Writing Tools ⇒ writing removes some sources of linguistic information Q: How do we solve that problem? 5 Arbitrary or Not? ⇒ the sound/meaning pairing in Language is arbitrary (with the possible exception of onomatopoeia) Q: Which types of writing systems have arbitrary visual/meaning pairing? Which don’t? 4...
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