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Unformatted text preview: Tutorial Exercise 8: Semantics (KEY) Linguistics 100 October 29, 2010 1 Truth Value and Truth Conditions The truth value of a sentence in a situation is whether it is true or false in that situation. For example, its true that this handout is a tutorial worksheet, and its false that this handout is an ancient biblical manuscript. The truth conditions of a sentence are the conditions under which its true. Even if we dont know whether a sentence is true or not, we know what the world would have to look like for it to be true (if we know the language). For each of the following sentences, say whether it is true or false you know the truth conditions, but not the truth value you dont even know the truth conditions 1. Stephen Harper is the prime minister of Canada. true 2. No one in this Ling 100 tutorial has a birthday in March. unknown truth value, unless someone in their tutorial has a birthday in March; still understood 3. The capital of New Zealand is Canberra. false 4. The first person to wake up in Vancouver this morning was female. unknown truth value; truth value can never be determined, but still understood 5. L owen haben vier Beine. not understandable unless you know German; true if you know German (Lions have 4 legs) Questions which may arise: What about future sentences, e.g. It will rain tomorrow?...
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