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Judaism - Judaism Judaism By Heather Lisowski Heather...

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Unformatted text preview: Judaism Judaism By Heather Lisowski Heather Relationship with God/Torah In religious terms, Jews are those In who experience their long and often difficult history difficult as a continuing dialogue with God. In a as religious sense, “Israel” refers to all those those who answer the call of God and who who acknowledge and strive to obey the one God, through the Torah, or Torah or “teaching,” given to the patriarchs, Moses, and the prophets. Moses, History of Key Sacred Texts The key sacred text is Torah - the 5 books The of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) written by Moses about 3500 years ago. about Next is the Neviim - the Prophets, Joshua, Next Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc. Isaiah, And the Kethuvim - the Writings - Psalms, And Proverbs, etc. Proverbs, On top of that is the Oral Torah of Mishnah On said to have been passed down orally from Moses. Moses. Then there is the commentary on Mishnah Then known as Talmud. known Ten Commandments God is said to have then given the people God through Moses a set of rules for righteous living, later living, called the Torah. Among them were the called Ten Commandments on stone tablets Ten The Ark of the Covenant, in which to keep The the stone tablets on which God inscribed the commandments. the Jerusalem Jerusalem is were the first temple of Jerusalem Hebrew was build and the Second temple built. The are working on a third one but they are going to have it done on Gods time. An internal revolt of the ten northern tribes An established a new kingdom of Israel, which was independent of Jerusalem and the dynasty of David. dynasty The Nation of Israel As a nation, “Israel” is an originally As nomadic people who have been repeatedly repeatedly dispersed and oppressed. dispersed After the horrors of the Holocaust in After the twentieth century, some Jews founded a homeland in the land of Israel, the former center of their ancestors’ faith. ancestors’ Different Sects of Judaism In Judaism, there are three major In sects: Reformed Conservative Orthodox Each one of these different sects Each encompasses a different set of religious beliefs, different histories, and different ways of looking at the Jewish tradition. Jewish Sacred Practices and/or Holidays Since the rabbinic period began, a major Since Jewish spiritual practice has been daily Jewish scriptural study. Boys were traditionally taught scriptural how to read and write ancient how Hebrew and how to interpret scripture Hebrew through the process of exegesis, by means through of the oral Torah. of In addition to study, a Jew is urged to In remember God in all aspects of life, through prayer and observance of the commandments commandments Sacred Practices and/or Holidays cont Holidays The ones given by God are: The The New Year The New Moons The Seventh-day Sabbath The Passover Feast of Unleavened Bread (7 days) Feast of the Wave Sheaf (2nd of Unleavened Feast Bread) Bread) Feast of First Fruits (Pentecost) Feast of Trumpets Feast of Atonement Feast of Tabernacles (8 days) The Last Great Day of the Lord (8th of Tabernacles) The rest are man's traditions. The The Holocaust The Holocaust was the systematic, The bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. Judaism today Jews today believe that God is Jews both female or male. The orthodox Jews feel that The they are bound from the traditional tradition of halakhah. Reference Reference School text http:// qjftseniorproject.tripod.com/sects_of_judaism.h http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang =en&ModuleId=10005143 http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid= http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index? qid=20071125151851AAV5Tj5 qid=20071125151851AAV5Tj5 ...
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