6.mood_disorders

6.mood_disorders - 1 An Overview of Mood Disorders •...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 An Overview of Mood Disorders • Extremes in Normal Mood –Nature of depression –Nature of mania and hypomania • DSM-IV Depressive Disorders –Major depressive disorder –Dysthymic disorder –Double depression An Overview of Mood Disorders • DSM-IV Bipolar Disorders –Bipolar I disorder –Bipolar II disorder –Cyclothymic disorder 2 Major Depression: An Overview • Major Depressive Episode –Depressed mood –Anhedonia –Cognitive symptoms –Vegetative symptoms • Major Depressive Disorder –Single episode –Recurrent episodes Dysthymia: An Overview • Overview and Defining Features –Depressed mood for at least 2 years –Mild –Chronic • Facts and Statistics –Late onset – early 20s –Early onset – Before age 21, poorer prognosis • Overview and Defining Features –Major depressive episodes and dysthymic disorder –Dysthymic disorder typically first • Facts and Statistics –Severe psychopathology –Poor outcome –Most difficult to treat Double Depression: Overview 3 Bipolar I Disorder: An Overview • Overview and Defining Features –Full manic episodes and major depression • Facts and Statistics –Average age on onset is 18 years –Chronic –Suicide is common Bipolar II Disorder: An Overview • Overview and Defining Features –Hypomanic episodes and major depression • Facts and Statistics –Average age on onset is 22 years –Only 10 to 13% of cases progress to bipolar I –Chronic Cyclothymic Disorder • Overview and Defining Features –Milder mania and depression –Pattern must last for at least 2 years • Facts and Statistics –High risk for developing bipolar I or II –Most are female –Average age on onset is early adolescence 4 The Bipolar Spectrum M m d D Course of Mood Disorders Major Depression Mnemonic • SIGECAPS • Sleep • Interest • Guilt • Energy • Concentration • Appetite • Psychomotor • Suicide 5 Mood Disorders: Characteristics Dysthymic Disorder With melancholic features With atypical features With psychotic features With catatonic features With postpartum features With seasonal onset (SAD) Major Depressive Disorder psychotic catatonic postpartum seasonal onset...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course PSYC PSYC 163 taught by Professor Mickeys,l during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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6.mood_disorders - 1 An Overview of Mood Disorders •...

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