REL 150 - ID Term List 1. Canon- a Greek word meaning,...

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ID Term List 1. Canon- a Greek word meaning, “measuring stick.” Canons are any collection of literature that is deemed authoritative. The process through which writings become accepted as authoritative is called canonization. The Hebrew cannon is the Tanak. The Christian cannon is the Tanak in an altered order, and there is the New Testament, which was canonized around 400 A.D. Different religious sects, have different cannons. Some new testaments include Deuterocannon and Apocrypha. 2. Hebrew Bible- is a neutral term, not meant to imply any confessional significance, used by scholars to refer to what Judaism considers as their original canon. The term generally refers to the Tanak and to the shared portions of the Christian canon. This kind of neutrality is important for scholars who do not want to appear biased and remain objective. 3. Tanak- an acronym created from the Hebrew words for the canonical sections of the Hebrew Bible: Torah, Neviim (Prophets), and Kethuvim (Writings). The central theme of the Tanak is God’s special relationship with the people of Israel. An example of this is the promise God made to Abraham and Sarah, and the creation of the nation Israel in Genesis. The significance of the Tanak is it becomes in a sense the foundation of biblical literature as it is eventually reorganized into the Christian Bible’s “Old Testament”. 4. Torah- also referred to as Pentateuch, is Hebrew for “instruction, teaching.” It refers to God’s instruction to the covenant people as well as to the first five books of the Tanak. It is believed to be composed of multiple sources from the 10 th to 5 th century B.C.E. This theory is referred to as the Documentary Hypothesis. The books of the Torah cover themes dealing with prehistory, cosmic origins, and the establishment of the nation Israel. The Torah carries intense religious significance and is an integral part of the faith of millions of people and the books are kept in a consistent order throughout numerous Jewish, and Christian denominations.
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5. Manuscript- a handwritten copy that is on an original source, such as an original piece of paper. The manuscripts have been written with no spaces to preserve paper. There are over 200,000 inconsistencies between found manuscripts. The original biblical manuscripts, known as autographs have been lost to history. The tradition of biblical texts is a bit unstable, as we don’t know exactly what was written so it leaves biblical literature open to many interpretations. 6. Myth- An account of the activities of the gods in eternity or in the spirit realm. Myths are foundational stories establishing values, meaning, and goals. Examples
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REL 150 - ID Term List 1. Canon- a Greek word meaning,...

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